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On . By CodimTh
Category:

Lazy Eager Loading in Laravel

 

Sometimes you may need to eager load a relationship after the parent model has already been retrieved. For example, this may be useful if you need to dynamically decide whether to load related models:

$books = App\Models\Book::all();

if ($someCondition) {
    $books->load('author', 'publisher');
}

 

If you need to set additional query constraints on the eager loading query, you may pass an array keyed by the relationships you wish to load. The array values should be Closure instances which receive the query instance:

$author->load(['books' => function ($query) {
    $query->orderBy('published_date', 'asc');
}]);

 

To load a relationship only when it has not already been loaded, use the loadMissing method:

public function format(Book $book)
{
    $book->loadMissing('author');

    return [
        'name' => $book->name,
        'author' => $book->author->name,
    ];
}

 

Nested Lazy Eager Loading & morphTo

If you would like to eager load a morphTo relationship, as well as nested relationships on the various entities that may be returned by that relationship, you may use the loadMorph method.

This method accepts the name of the morphTo relationship as its first argument, and an array of model / relationship pairs as its second argument. To help illustrate this method, let's consider the following model:

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class ActivityFeed extends Model
{
    /**
     * Get the parent of the activity feed record.
     */
    public function parentable()
    {
        return $this->morphTo();
    }
}

In this example, let's assume EventPhoto, and Post models may create ActivityFeed models. Additionally, let's assume that Event models belong to a Calendar model, Photo models are associated with Tag models, and Post models belong to an Author model.

Using these model definitions and relationships, we may retrieve ActivityFeed model instances and eager load all parentable models and their respective nested relationships:

$activities = ActivityFeed::with('parentable')
    ->get()
    ->loadMorph('parentable', [
        Event::class => ['calendar'],
        Photo::class => ['tags'],
        Post::class => ['author'],
    ]);

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